God’s Covenant Promises with Israel are still valid
While God now is mainly working with the Gentiles, He is not through with the Jews! His covenant promises remain and will have ultimate fulfillment. Presently, however, during this dispensation (PERIOD) of grace, there is a remnant now coming to Christ and receiving personal salvation. National salvation is yet to take place. To make his point Paul uses in this chapter nine Future Tenses and forty Aorist Tenses. What he says here is distinct, definite, and certain to come about in time!
The then is oun in Greek and here has the force of however. (D&M, p. 258) The apostle Paul sees this verse as a contrasting thought. Though Israel has been unfaithful, yet (however) God is still not finished with them. His promises in the Old Testament will be brought to pass.
Paul draws on the Scripture to get his point across. The Word of God is authoritative and it alone gives the full story as to what was happening in Elijah’s day. The story is applicable now. Not all the Jews have become apostate. Even now during the dispensation (PERIOD) not all have forsaken the truth!
In other words, what is now happening with the Jews is but temporary, transitional. There is something missing but a restoration is implied. And what is taking place is not the real or final purpose meant for them. The present Jews coming to Christ constitute a left-over with something else yet on the horizon.
In 11:7 Paul will use another word for remnant (loipos) but only once in the contextual meaning of the Jews. Surprisingly, John the apostle uses the word in the same way to describe the remnant of the Jews being pursued by Satan in the tribulation. He writes, "And the dragon was enraged with the woman (Israel), and went off to make war with the rest (the remnant, loipos) of her (Israel’s) offspring who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus" (Rev. 12:17). This is the devil’s last attempt to subvert God’s plans for the Jewish people. Satan would like to destroy every last Jew because they are living symbols that the Lord is going to restore the nation under the leadership of Jesus the Messiah who returns from glory!
The out calling is divine election. God must by His providence save all by this miraculous calling that brings one to Christ. Outcalling is a compound Greek word (eklogee) with ek=out and logee=word, or summon out with a word. This is a word synonymous with ekklatos or outcalling. The Lord uses eklogee when describing Paul’s salvation. "He is a chosen vessel unto Me" (Acts 9:15). It is to be translated chosen or election in all of the other verses where it is used (Rom. 9:11; 11:5, 7, 28; 1 Thess. 1:4; 2 Pet. 1:10).
Paul wants the point made that the Jews are not presently blessed by good works but by the grace of God that comes through trust in Jesus Christ as Savior. Jews and Gentiles are presently saved only by faith in Him!